General Site Information
Site ID:US-Slt
Site Name:Silas Little- New Jersey
Tower Team: PI: Ken Clark <> - USDA Forest Service
Elevation (m):30
IGBP:DBF (Deciduous Broadleaf Forests)
Climate Koeppen:Dfa (Humid Continental: humid with severe winter, no dry season, hot summer)
Mean Annual Temperature (degrees C):11.04
Mean Annual Precipitation (mm):1138
Data Products: AmeriFlux BASE Dataset
Data Availability: AmeriFlux BASE:   10 years (Duration: 2005 - 2014)
Data Downloads to Date: AmeriFlux BASE:   248 unique downloads
Data DOIs: AmeriFlux BASE DOI: 10.17190/AMF/1246096
Description:Wildfires, prescribed fires, insect defoliation events and windstorms are the common disturbances in the NJ Pinelands. The oak-dominated forest at Silas Little Experimental Forest was most recently defoliated by Gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.) in 2006 to 2008, with complete defoliation occuring in 2007. Following this multi-year defoliation event, oak mortality was significant, and resulted in the death of approximately 20 % of the overstory oaks, and a similar reduction in stand biomass. Previous disturbances have included windstorms and earlier Gypsy moth defoliation events in the 1990's. The last major wildfire to occur at and near the Experimental Forest was in 1963. Since then, a number of prescribed fires have been conducted in the vicinity of the Silas Little flux site.
Site image(s):
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Publications relevant to understanding the site
H Renninger, N Carlo, K Clark, KVR Schäfer. 2014. Modeling respiration from snags and coarse woody debris before and after an invasive gypsy moth disturbance. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 119, 630-644. Primary_Citation
KL Clark, N Skowronski, J Hom. 2010. Invasive insects impact forest carbon dynamics. Global Change Biology 16 (1), 88-101. Primary_Citation
KL Clark, N Skowronski, M Gallagher, H Renninger, and K Schäfer. 2014. Contrasting Effects of Invasive Insects and Fire on Ecosystem Water Use Efficiency. Biogeosciences 11, 6509-6523. Primary_Citation
KL Clark, N Skowronski, M Gallagher, H Renninger, K Schäfer. 2012. Effects of invasive insects and fire on forest energy exchange and evapotranspiration in the New Jersey pinelands. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 166, 50-61. Primary_Citation
N Skowronski, K Clark, R Nelson, J Hom, M Patterson. 2007. Remotely sensed measurements of forest structure and fuel loads in the Pinelands of New Jersey. Remote Sensing of Environment 108 (2), 123-129. Primary_Citation
N Skowronski,KL Clark, M Gallagher, M., RA Birdsey, J Hom. 2014. Airborne laser scanner-assisted estimation of aboveground biomass change in a temperate oak-pine forest. Remote Sensing of Environment 151, 166-174. Primary_Citation

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