General Site Information
Site Name:Morgan Monroe State Forest
Tower Team: PI: Kim Novick <> - Indiana University
PI: Rich Phillips <> - Indiana University
FluxContact: Quan Zhang <> - Indiana University
BADMContact: Eddie Brzostek <> - Indiana University
DataManager: Michael Benson <> - Indiana University
Technician: Steven Scott <> - Indiana University
Affiliate: Danilo Dragoni <> - Nevada Division of Environmental Protection
Affiliate: Faiz Rahman <> - Indiana University
Affiliate: Hans Peter Schmid <> - Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, IMK-IFU
Affiliate: Joshua Fischer <> - NASA JPL
Elevation (m):275
IGBP:DBF (Deciduous Broadleaf Forests)
Climate Koeppen:Cfa (Humid Subtropical: mild with no dry season, hot summer)
Mean Annual Temperature (degrees C):10.85
Mean Annual Precipitation (mm):1032
Data Products: AmeriFlux BASE Dataset
FLUXNET2015 Dataset
FLUXNET LaThuile Dataset
Data Availability: AmeriFlux BASE:   16 years (Duration: 1999 - 2014)
FLUXNET2015:   16 years (Duration: 1999 - 2014)
FLUXNET LaThuile:   7 years (Duration: 1999 - 2005)
Data Downloads to Date: AmeriFlux BASE:   303 unique downloads
FLUXNET2015:   830 unique downloads
FLUXNET LaThuile:   265 unique downloads
Data DOIs: AmeriFlux BASE DOI: 10.17190/AMF/1246080
Description:Owned by the Indiana Department of Natural Resources (IDNR), the Morgan Monroe State Forest, the site's namesake, is operated thanks to the long-term agreement between Indiana University and IDNR. The first settlers cleared the surrounding ridges for farming, but were largely unsuccessful. The state of Indiana purchased the land in 1929, creating the Morgan Monroe State Forest. Many of the trees in the tower footprint are 60-80 years old, surviving selective logging that ended over the past 10 years. Today, the forest is a secondary successional broadleaf forest within the maple-beech to oak hickory transition zone of the eastern deciduous forest.
Acknowledgments:Research at the MMSF site was supported by the Office of Science (BER), U.S. Department of Energy, Grant No. DE-FG02-07ER64371
Site image(s):
For additional AmeriFlux site images, see the Web site gallery

Publications relevant to understanding the site
A. F. Rahman; V. D. Cordova; J. A. Gamon; H. P. Schmid; D. A. Sims. 2004. Potential of MODIS ocean bands for estimating CO2 flux from terrestrial vegetation: A novel approachGeophysical Research Letters. 31. L10503. doi:10.1029/2004GL019778:10. Reference
A.J. Oliphant; C.S.B. Grimmond; H.N. Zutter; H.P. Schmid; H.-B. Su; S.L. Scott; B. Offerle; J.C. Randolph; J. Ehman. 2004. Heat storage and energy balance fluxes for a temperate deciduous forestAgricultural and Forest Meteorology. 126:3-4, 185-201. Reference
Curtis, P.S. et al., 2002. Biometric and eddy-covariance based estimates of annual carbon storage in five eastern North American deciduous forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 113(1-4): 3-19. Reference
D. Baldocchi; E. Falge; L. H. Gu; R. Olson; D. Hollinger; S. Running; P. Anthoni; C. Bernhofer; K. Davis; R. Evans; J. Fuentes; A. Goldstein; G. Katul; B. Law; X. H. Lee; Y. Malhi; T. Meyers; W. Munger; W. Oechel; K. T. Paw U; K. Pilegaard; H. P. Schmid; R. Valentini; S. Verma; T. Vesala; K. Wilson; S. Wofsy. 2001. FLUXNET: A new tool to study the temporal and spatial variability of ecosystem-scale carbon dioxide, water vapor, and energy flux densitiesBulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 82:11, 2415-2434. Reference
D. D. Baldocchi; T. A. Black; P. Curtis; E. Falge; J. Fuentes; A. Granier; L. Gu; A. Knohl; X. Lee; K. Pilegaard; H.P. Schmid; R. Valentini; K. Wilson; S. Wofsy; L. Xu; S. Yamamoto. 2005. Predicting the Onset of Photosynthesis of Deciduous Forests with Solid Temperature and Climate Data: A Synthesis of FLUXNET DataInternational Journal of Biometeorology. 10.1007/s00484-005-0256-4. Reference
Daniel A. Sims; Abdullah F. Rahman; Vicente D. Cordova; Dennis D. Baldocchi; Lawrence B. Flanagan; Allen H. Goldstein; David Y. Hollinger; Laurent Misson; Russell K. Monson; Hans P. Schmid. 2005. Midday values of gross CO2 flux and light use efficiency during satellite overpasses can be used to directly estimate eight-day mean fluxAgricultural and Forest Meteorology. 131:1-2, 1-12. Reference
Dragoni, D., Schmid, H. P., Wayson, C. A., Potter, H., Grimmond, C. S. B., & Randolph, J. C. (2010). Evidence of increased net ecosystem productivity associated with a longer vegetated season in a deciduous forest in south-central Indiana, USA. Global Change Biology Analysis_Result
E. A. Davidson; K. Savage; P. Bolstad; D. A. Clark; P. S. Curtis; D. S. Ellsworth; P. J. Hanson; B. E. Law; Y. Luo; K. S. Pregitzer; J. C. Randolph; D. Zak. 2002. Belowground carbon allocation in forests estimated from litterfall and IRGA-based soil respiration measurementsAgricultural and Forest Meteorology. 113:1-4, 39-51. Reference
Ehman, J.L., H.P. Schmid, C.S.B. Grimmond, J.C. Randolph, P.J. Hanson, C.A. Wayson, and F.D. Cropley. An initial intercomparison of micrometeorological and ecological estimates of carbon sequestration in a mid-latitude deciduous forest. Global Change Biology., 8, 575-589. 2002. Reference
H. B. Su; H. P. Schmid; C. S. B. Grimmond; C. S. Vogel; A. J. Oliphant. 2004. Spectral characteristics and correction of long-term eddy-covariance measurements over two mixed hardwood forests in non-flat terrainBoundary-Layer Meteorology. 110:2, 213-253. Reference
Pryor, S.C., Barthelmie, R.J. and Jensen, B., 1999. Nitrogen dry deposition at an AmeriFlux site in a hardwood forest in the MidWest. Geophysical Research Letters, 26(6): 691-694. Reference
Schmid, H.P., C.S.B. Grimmond, F. Cropley, B. Offerle, and H.-B. Su, Measurements of CO2 and Energy Fluxes over a Mixed Hardwood Forest in the Midwestern United States, Agricultural and Forest Meteorol., 103, 355-373, 2000. Reference

These pages show the current information available at about this tower.
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