General Site Information
Site ID:US-Los
Site Name:Lost Creek
Tower Team: PI: Ankur Desai <desai@aos.wisc.edu> - University of Wisconsin
FluxContact: Jonathan Thom <jthom@ssec.wisc.edu> - University of Wisconsin
Latitude:46.0827
Longitude:-89.9792
Elevation (m):480.00
NetworkAmeriFlux
IGBP:WET (Permanent Wetlands)
Climate Koeppen:Dfb (Warm Summer Continental: significant precipitation in all seasons )
Mean Annual Temperature (degrees C):4.08
Mean Annual Precipitation (mm):828
Data Products: AmeriFlux BASE Dataset
FLUXNET2015 Dataset
FLUXNET LaThuile Dataset
Data Availability: AmeriFlux BASE:   16 years (Duration: 2000 - 2015)
FLUXNET2015:   15 years (Duration: 2000 - 2014)
FLUXNET LaThuile:   5 years (Duration: 2001 - 2005)
Data Downloads to Date: AmeriFlux BASE:   187 unique downloads
FLUXNET2015:   519 unique downloads
FLUXNET LaThuile:   244 unique downloads
Data DOIs: AmeriFlux BASE DOI: 10.17190/AMF/1246071
Description:Shrub wetland site, chosen to be representative of the wetlands within the WLEF tall tower flux footprint. This is a deciduous shrub wetland. Coniferous and grassy stands also exist within the WLEF flux footprint. Solar power. The site has excellent micrometeorological characteristics.
Site image(s):
For additional AmeriFlux site images, see the Web site gallery

Publications relevant to understanding the site
BibliographyUsage
A. S. Denning; M. Nicholls; L. Prihodko; I. Baker; P. L. Vidale; K. Davis; P. Bakwin. 2003. Simulated variations in atmospheric CO2 over a Wisconsin forest using a coupled ecosystem-atmosphere modelGlobal Change Biology. 9:9, 1241-1250. Reference
B. D. Cook; K. J. Davis; W. G. Wang; A. Desai; B. W. Berger; R. M. Teclaw; J. G. Martin; P. V. Bolstad; P. S. Bakwin; C. X. Yi; W. Heilman. 2004. Carbon exchange and venting anomalies in an upland deciduous forest in northern Wisconsin, USAAgricultural and Forest Meteorology. 126:3-4, 271-295. Reference
C. Werner; K. Davis; P. Bakwin; C. X. Yi; D. Hurst; L. Lock. 2003. Regional-scale measurements of CH4 exchange from a tall tower over a mixed temperate/boreal lowland and wetland forestGlobal Change Biology. 9:9, 1251-1261. Reference
C. Yi; K. J. Davis; P. S. Bakwin; A. S. Denning; N. Zhang; A. Desai; J. C. Lin; C. Gerbig. 2004. Observed covariance between ecosystem carbon exchange and atmospheric boundary layer dynamics at a site in northern WisconsinJournal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres. 109:D8. Reference
C. Yi; R. Li; P. S. Bakwin; A. Desai; D. M. Ricciuto; S.P. Burns; A. A. Turnipseed; S. C. Wofsy; J. W. Munger; K. Wilson; R. K. Monson. 2004. A nonparametric method for separating photosynthesis and respiration components in CO2 flux measurementsGeophysical Research Letters. 31:17, L17107. Reference
Desai, A.R., 2010. Climatic and phenological controls on coherent regional interannual variability of carbon dioxide flux in a heterogeneous landscape. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 115: G00J02 , doi:10.1029/2010JG001423 Reference
Desai, A.R., Noormets, A.N., Bolstad, P.V., Chen, J., Cook, B.D., Davis, K.J., Euskirchen, E.S., Gough, C.M., Martin, J.G., Ricciuto, D.M., Schmid, H.P., Tang, J.W. and Wang, W., 2008. Influence of vegetation and seasonal forcing on carbon dioxide fluxes across the Upper Midwest, USA: Implications for regional scaling, Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 148(2): 288-308,doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2007.08.001.  Reference
Grant, R.F., Desai, A.R., Sulman, B.N., 2012. Modelling contrasting responses of wetland productivity to changes in water table depth. Biogeosciences, 9, 4215-4231, doi:10.5194/bg-9-4215-2012. Reference
I. Baker; A. S. Denning; N. Hanan; L. Prihodko; M. Uliasz; P. L. Vidale; K. Davis; P. Bakwin. 2003. Simulated and observed fluxes of sensible and latent heat and CO2 at the WLEF-TV tower using SiB2.5Global Change Biology. 9:9, 1262-1277. Reference
K. J. Davis; P. S. Bakwin; C. X. Yi; B. W. Berger; C. L. Zhao; R. M. Teclaw; J. G. Isebrands. 2003. The annual cycles of CO2 and H2O exchange over a northern mixed forest as observed from a very tall towerGlobal Change Biology. 9:9, 1278-1293. Reference
P.S. Bakwin; K. J. Davis; C. Yi; S.C. Wofsy; J. W. Munger; L. Haszpra; Z. Barcza. 2004. Regional carbon dioxide fluxes from mixing ratio dataTellus Series B-Chemical and Physical Meteorology. 56B, 310-311. Reference
S. Kaakinen; K. Kostiainen; F. Ek; P. Saranpaa; M. E. Kubiske; J. Sober; D. F. Karnosky; E. Vapaavuori. 2004. Stem wood properties of Populus tremuloides, Betula papyrifera and Acer saccharum saplings after 3 years of treatments to elevated carbon dioxide and ozoneGlobal Change Biology. 10:9, 1513-1525. Reference
Sulman, B.N., Desai, A.R., and Mladenoff, D., 2013. Modeling Soil and Biomass Carbon Responses to Declining Water Table in a Wetland-Rich Landscape. Ecosystems, 16, 491-507, doi:10.1007/s10021-012-9624-1. Reference
Sulman, B.N., Desai, A.R., Cook, B.D., Saliendra, N., and Mackay, D.S., 2009. Contrasting carbon dioxide fluxes between a drying shrub wetland in Northern Wisconsin, USA, and nearby forests. Biogeosciences, 6: 1115-1126, doi:10.5194/bg-6-1115-2009. Primary_Citation
Sulman, B.N., Desai, A.R., Saliendra, N., Lafleur, P.M., Flanagan, L.B., Sonnentag, O., Mackay, D.S., Barr, A.G., and van der Kamp, G., 2010. Carbon fluxes at northern fens and bogs have opposite responses to inter-annual fluctuations in water table. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L19702, doi:10.1029/2010GL044018. Alt_Citation
Sulman, B.N., Desai, A.R., Schroeder, N.M., Ricciuto, D.M., Barr, A., Richardson, A.D., Flanagan, L.B., LaFleur , P.M., Tian, H., Chen, G., Grant, R.F., Poulter, B., Verbeeck, H., Ciais, P., Ringeval, B., Baker, I.T., Schaefer, K., Luo, Y., and Weng, E., 2012. Impact of hydrological variations on modeling of peatland CO2 fluxes: results from the North American Carbon Program site synthesis. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 117, G01031, doi:10.1029/2011JG001862. Reference

These pages show the current information available at http://ameriflux.lbl.gov about this tower.
**Site Team Only** If any of this information is wrong or missing, please submit corrections and updates via http://ameriflux.lbl.gov/web-submit-ui/?site_id=US-Los