General Site Information
Site ID:US-KS1
Site Name:Kennedy Space Center (slash pine)
Tower Team: PI: Bert Drake <> - Smithsonian Environmental Research Center
PI: Ross Hinkle <> - University of Central Florida
AncContact: Rosvel Bracho-Garrillo <> - University of Florida
AncContact: Sabina Dore <> - Northern Arizona University
DataManager: Tom Powell <> - Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Elevation (m):1.00
IGBP:ENF (Evergreen Needleleaf Forests)
Climate Koeppen:Cwa (Humid Subtropical: dry winter, hot summer)
Mean Annual Temperature (degrees C):21.90
Mean Annual Precipitation (mm):1266
Data Products: AmeriFlux BASE Dataset
FLUXNET2015 Dataset
FLUXNET LaThuile Dataset
Data Availability: AmeriFlux BASE:   2 years (Duration: 2002 - 2003)
FLUXNET2015:   1 years (Duration: 2002 - 2002)
FLUXNET LaThuile:   1 years (Duration: 2002 - 2002)
Data Downloads to Date: AmeriFlux BASE:   225 unique downloads
FLUXNET2015:   228 unique downloads
FLUXNET LaThuile:   71 unique downloads
Data DOIs: AmeriFlux BASE DOI: 10.17190/AMF/1246069
Description:The Kennedy Space Center Slash Pine Flatwoods site is located in the Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) on the east coast of central Florida. Occupying 310 ha of local forest, the slash pine flatwoods ecosystem is managed as an uneven-aged stand with a sparsely populated overstory and a dense oak-dominated understory. Disturbances tend to occur on a 7 to 10 year cycle, mostly related to fire or hurricane activity. Prescribed fires have been conducted since 1969 to control understory fuel. The most recent burn was conducted in February of 1995. Following the burn, the stand was allowed to naturally regenerate into a open canopy of slash pines, less than 15% of canopy coverage ( on the order of 15-30 trees per ha), with a understory mostly composed of saw palmetto and scrub oak. There was a seasonally wet swale to the southeast that was on the margin of the flux tower footprint. A severe drought gripped most of Florida beginning in 1998 until the later half of 2001 resulting in four years of relatively low annual precipitation totals. Exceptionally high annual rainfall amounts in 2004 were the result of a pair of hurricanes that hit the area in August and September of 2004. Wind directions for the site are as follows: W and NW in the winter, afternoon E sea breeze in the summer.
Site image(s):
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Publications relevant to understanding the site
Bracho et al. (2008) Environmental and biological controls on water and energy exchange in Florida scrub oak and pine flatwoods ecosystems. JGR, 113, G02004. Reference
Dore et al. (2003) Cross-validation of open-top chamber and eddy covariance measurements of ecosystem CO2 exchange in a Florida scrub-oak ecosystem. Global Change Biology, 9, 84-95. Reference
Powell et al. (2006) Environmental controls over net ecosystem carbon exchange of scrub oak in central Florida. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 141, 19-34. Reference

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