General Site Information
Site Name:Ontario - Turkey Point Mature Deciduous
Tower Team: PI: M. Altaf Arain <> - McMaster University
Elevation (m):260
NetworkAmeriFlux, Fluxnet-Canada
IGBP:DBF (Deciduous Broadleaf Forests)
Climate Koeppen:Dfb (Warm Summer Continental: significant precipitation in all seasons )
Mean Annual Temperature (degrees C):8
Mean Annual Precipitation (mm):1036
Data Products: AmeriFlux BASE Dataset
FLUXNET2015 Dataset
Data Availability: AmeriFlux BASE:   4 years (Duration: 2012 - 2015)
FLUXNET2015:   3 years (Duration: 2012 - 2014)
Data Downloads to Date: AmeriFlux BASE:   199 unique downloads
FLUXNET2015:   309 unique downloads
Data DOIs: AmeriFlux BASE DOI: 10.17190/AMF/1246152
Description:The forest is approximately 90 years old. Naturally regenerated on sandy terrain and abandoned agricultural land. Predominantly hardwood species with a few scattered conifers. Site has been managed (thinned) in the past. It has a high biodiversity with 573 tree and plant species, 102 bird species, 23 mamal species and 22 reptile and amphibian species (SWALSREP Report, 1999). The dominant tree species is white oak (Quercus alba), with other scattered broadleaf Carolinian species including sugar and red maple (Acer saccharum, A. rubrum), American beech (Fagus grandifolia), black and red oak (Q. velutina, Q. rubra) and white ash (Fraxinus americana) . There are also scattered conifers, mostly white and red pine (Pinus strobes, P. resinosa), comprising about 5% of the trees. Average tree height is 25.7 m with a stand density of 504 ± 18 trees per hectare. Average tree diameter at breast height is 22.3 cm and basal area is 0.06 m2 or approximately 29 square meters per hectare.
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