General Site Information
Site ID:CA-TP4
Site Name:Ontario - Turkey Point 1939 Plantation White Pine
Tower Team: PI: M. Altaf Arain <> - McMaster University
Elevation (m):184
NetworkAmeriFlux, Fluxnet-Canada
IGBP:ENF (Evergreen Needleleaf Forests)
Climate Koeppen:Dfb (Warm Summer Continental: significant precipitation in all seasons )
Mean Annual Temperature (degrees C):8
Mean Annual Precipitation (mm):1036
Data Products: AmeriFlux BASE Dataset
FLUXNET2015 Dataset
FLUXNET LaThuile Dataset
Data Availability: AmeriFlux BASE:   14 years (Duration: 2002 - 2015)
FLUXNET2015:   13 years (Duration: 2002 - 2014)
FLUXNET LaThuile:   3 years (Duration: 2003 - 2005)
Data Downloads to Date: AmeriFlux BASE:   245 unique downloads
FLUXNET2015:   236 unique downloads
FLUXNET LaThuile:   75 unique downloads
Data DOIs: AmeriFlux BASE DOI: 10.17190/AMF/1246012
Description:White pine plantation established in 1939 over sandy abandoned land
Site image(s):
For additional AmeriFlux site images, see the Web site gallery

Publications relevant to understanding the site
Arain, M.A. and Restrepo-Coupe, N., 2005. Net ecosystem production in a temperate pine plantation in southeastern Canada. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 128: 223-241. Primary_Citation
Barr, A.G., D.M. Ricciuto, K. Schaefer, A. Richardson, D. Agarwal, P.E. Thornton, K. Davis, B. Jackson, R.B. Cook, D.Y. Hollinger, C. van Ingen, B. Amiro, A. Andrews, M.A. Arain, D. Baldocchi, T.A. Black, P. Bolstad, P. Curtis, A. Desai, D. Dragoni, L. Flanagan, L. Gu, G. Katul, B.E. Law, P. Lafleur, H. Margolis, R. Matamala, T. Meyers, H. McCaughey, R. Monson, J.W. Munger, W. Oechel, R. Oren, N. Roulet, M. Torn, and S. Verma. 2013. NACP Site: Tower Meteorology, Flux Observations with Uncertainty, and Ancillary Data. Data set. Available on-line [] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA http://dx. Reference
Brümmer C., Black T.A., Jassal R.S., Grant N.J., Spittlehouse D.L., Chen B., Nesic Z., Amiro B.D., Arain M.A., Barr A.G., Bourque C.P-A., Coursolle C., Dunn A,L., Flanagan L.B., Humphreys E.R., Lafleur P.M., Margolis H.A., McCaughey H., Wofsy S.C., 2012. How climate and vegetation type influence evapotranspiration and water use efficiency in Canadian forest, peatland and grassland ecosystems. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 153: 14–30. Reference
Chen, J.M.; Govind, A.; Sonnentag, O.; Zhang, Y.; Barr, A.; Amiro, B. 2006. Leaf area index measurements at Fluxnet Canada forest sites. Agric. For. Meteorol. 140, 257-268. Reference
Coursolle, C., Margolis, H.A., Barr, A.G., Black, T.A., Amiro, B.D., McCaughey J.H, Flanagan L.B., Lafleur P.M., Roulet N.T., Bourque C. P-A.., Arain M.A., Wofsy S.C., Dunn A., Morgenstern K., Orchansky A.L. Bernier P.Y., Chen J.M., Kidston J., Saigusa N., Hedstrom N, 2006. Late-summer carbon fluxes from Canadian forests and peatlandsalong an east-west continental transect. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 36(3): 783-800. Reference
Coursolle, C.; Margolis, H.A.; Giasson, M.-A.; Bernier, P.-Y.; Amiro, B.D.; Arain, M.A.; Barr, A.G.; Black, T.A.; Goulden, M.L.; McCaughey, J.H.; Chen, J.M.; Dunn, A.L.; Grant, R.F.; Lafleur, P.M. 2012. Influence of stand age on the magnitude and seasonality of carbon fluxes in Canadian forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 165:136-148. Reference
Huang S., Arain M.A., Arora V.K., Brodeur J.J, Peichl M., 2011. Analysis of nitrogen controls on carbon and water exchanges in a conifer forest using the CLASS-CTEMN+ model. Ecological Modelling, 222: 3743– 3760. Reference
Khomik M, Arain AM, Brodeur JJ, Peichl M, Restrepo-Coupé N, McLaren JD. 2010. Relative contributions of soil, foliar, and woody tissue respiration to total ecosystem respiration in four pine forests of different ages. Journal of Geophysical Research– Biogeosciences 115, G03024. Reference
MacKay S.L., Arain M.A., Khomik M., Brodeur J.J., Schumacher J., Hartmann H., and Peichl M., 2012. The impact of induced drought on transpiration and growth in a temperate pine plantation forest. Hydrological Processes. 26(12), 1779-1791. Reference
McLaren, J. D., Arain M.A., Khomik M., Peichl M., and Brodeur J., 2008. Water flux components and soil water-atmospheric controls in a temperate pine forest growing in a well-drained sandy soil, Journal of Geophysical. Research, 113: G04031. Reference
Peichl M., Arain M.A., Brodeur J.J., 2010b. Age effects and climatic controls on carbon fluxes in pine forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 150: 1090–1101 Alt_Citation
Peichl M., Arain M.A., Ullah S., Moore T., 2010. Carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide exchanges in an age-sequence of temperate pine forests. Global Change Biology 16: 2198–2212. Reference
Peichl M., Brodeur J.J., Khomik M., Arain M.A., 2010a. Biometric and eddy-covariance based estimates of carbon fluxes in an age-sequence of temperate pine forests. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology,150:952-965 Alt_Citation
Peichl, M. and Arain, M.A., 2007. Allometry and partitioning of above- and below-ground tree biomass in an age-sequence of white pine forests. Forest Ecology and Management 253: 68-80. Reference
Peichl, M. and M.A. Arain, 2006. Above- and Belowground Ecosystem Biomass and Carbon Pools in an Age-Sequence of White Pine Plantations in Southern Ontario, Canada. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 140: 51-63. Reference
Peichl, M., Moore, T., Arain, M.A., Dalva, M., Brodkey, D., and J. McLaren, 2007. Concentrations and fluxes of dissolved organic carbon in an age-sequence of white pine forests in southern Ontario, Canada. Biogeochemistry, 86: 1–17. Reference
Restrepo, N.C. and Arain, M.A., 2005. Energy and water exchanges from a temperate pine plantation forest. Hydrological Processes 19: 27-49. Reference
Yuan F., Arain M.A., Barr A., Black T.A., Bourque P.-A., Coursolle C., Margolis H., McCaughey H., and Wofsy S. C., 2008. Modeling analysis of primary controls on net ecosystem productivity of seven boreal and temperate coniferous forests across an east-west continental transect in Canada. Global Change Biology, 14: 1–20. Reference

These pages show the current information available at about this tower.
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